By 1973, Ganesh Man’s Swadeshi Vastrakala Palpali Dhaka Udhyog (factory) bustled with around 350 workers engaged in production. After the photo, he took it off and placed it on the stand, folding carefully, an act that spoke of the new meaning he just acquired of the topi. According to one account from the mid-19th century, white muslin with floral jamdani designs, worth 80,000 was ordered by the rulers and nawabs of Moghul India at Delhi, Lucknow, Murshidabad and in Nepal. Holding out a shabby Dhaka topi (the cap worn as a part of Nepalese national dress), the photographer asked the boy to put it on. Dhaka Topi goes with the Daura Suruwal, which makes it a part of the Nepali national dress code. The term ‘Dhaka’ is used to refer to both the fabric and the geometrical patterns of varied designs and colors, its unique essence. Surviving Jeans, T-shirt and Cap: Almost all the people who run a Dhaka producing unit in Palpa, it is said, were trained and supported by Ganesh Man Maharjan. Easy to wear: tie a knot, comfortable since no zipper is used. There are many who still wear daura suruwal, but, ironically, they are far outnumbered by those would love to wear it, but don’t. Actually it is a shame on me that I haven’t put on our national dress even once. Daura Suruwal, Nepal's male dress Daura-Suruwal (दौरा सुरुवाल) is one of the national outfit of Nepalese men. KATHMANDU: As the world is getting ready to welcome the New Year 2017, another day is being celebrated on the same day in Kathmandu: Dhaka Topi Day. Dhaka Topi’s Arrival on the National Stage However, the majority of the people living in Nepal are actually citizens, referred to as “Nepalese.” Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country that came into existence by occupying several small kingdoms such as Videha, Mustang, Limbuwan, and Madhesh. The Nepali Parliament today is not only an eclectic mix of all sorts of individuals, and many more in number than before, but also a diverse array of all kinds of outfits … The sentiment to ‘preserve Dhaka’ is also felt by a large number of Nepalese living abroad, particularly of the younger generation. He took the topi and peered inside only to find it dirty and frayed. Dhaka is cotton fabric weaved in a treadle (foot) loom made up of wood or bamboo. Dhaka Topi, pride Nepalese men carry on their heads, is a significant part of our national male attire – Daura Suruwal. And dhaka topi The charged up atmosphere gave the much needed momentum for the growth of Dhaka industry. The Daura is a variant of the Kurta and is the upper garment, the Suruwal is the trouser. Kalo topi Bhadhaunle mero siraima dhalkeko A century and a half ago, when the Ranas took the reigns of power in Nepal from the Shahs, they mimicked many things they had seen in India. The people in Nepal wear different colorful dresses as per their culture, religion, tradition, festival, and occasions. Free Delivery above Rs.1500 Only. Daura Suruwal (Source) Daura Suruwal is the national dress of Since there was a huge demand, at one time almost every household in Bhaktapur had someone making them, yet it was hard to meet the demand. Instead, there are four ties across; two slightly above the breast near the shoulders, and two near the waist. He took the topi and peered inside only to find it dirty and frayed. The Dhaka topi had not yet arrived on the scene, so the black Bhadgaunle topi was worn as a part of the national attire by everybody from kings to commoners, soldiers to government officials; some with pride, others under pressure. She, too, thinks that in order to promote the Dhaka industry, daura suruwal and Dhaka topi should be respected as our national dress as it has become a symbol unique to our culture. The strongest observation on the website, however, comes from the most unexpected quarter. The Ranas found it inappropriate because their wives and other women folk, while ambling around the palace, could see the workmen’s sensitive body parts as they clambered along the walls high overhead while painting and renovating the buildings. Responding to that post, another student who is studying law at University of Sheffield in the UK, regrets that he never tried wearing national dress at his college functions back home. Students of Shubahtara School wear it as a part of their uniform; it is required every Tuesday. System, under which the black topi was compulsory for senior government employees, resulted in a gradual decline in the demand for Bhadgaunle topis. Heinrich Meyer reviewed by Evangeline Neve. It comes with matching Belt and Topi (hat). These song lyrics, from a super-hit Nepali film called Nepali Babu, touched the popular chord when it was first released. Daura Suruwal Dhaka Topi is on Facebook. The cloth was wrapped or tied around the waist like a skirt or kilt. This topi represents as a symbol of our nationality. Nepal is a country rich in cultural diversity. He arranged the topi with a slight tilt on the left, covering half of the forehead on one side, and made a dent of a desirable shape at the top; the way he had seen kings, political figures, actors and commoners wearing it on television. Bhadgaunle (meaning from Bhadgaun/Bhaktapur) is same as Dhaka topi except it is made from black thread and used to be especially made and worn in Bhaktapur. He shook the topi in the air twice, patted against the palms to shake out the dust, then put it on. Though not very apparent, the infatuation that Nepalese have for the daura suruwal and topi is perceptible in more ways than one. It was widely worn by government employees, and was a part of national dress. The texts from the WNSO Internet discussion forum have been modified slightly to fit the magazine’s style, but the essence of the original text has, as far as possible, been retained. That was when the mass movement for Democracy overturned King Mahendra’s 26 year old Panchayat system of government. Our country and our King The sleeveless vest (waistcoat) in common parlance is called an ista coat, a term probably distorted from the word East, as against the term waist (coat), which sounded more like West, with which people were loath to associate during those times. His dispensation towards the piece of cloth now was completely different from the slipshod manner he handled it with in the beginning. What is the history of Dhaka topi and Daura surwal? It is quite possible that in a visit to India or Bangladesh some influential Rana noticed nawabs wearing jamdani cloth; then, fancying himself in it, he placed an order, and thereby introduced Dhaka cloth to Nepal. A quick read of a discussion on national dress among Nepalese students studying abroad, on the website of the Worldwide Nepalese Student’s Organization (WNSO), endorses the claim that Nepalese outside of Nepal yearn for the daura suruwal and Dhaka topi. Some say the fabric is called Dhaka because it is fully covered with the pattern, from the Nepali verb dhaknu, ‘to cover’. It became popular during the reign of King Mahendra, who ruled between 1955 and 1972, and made wearing a Dhaka topi mandatory for official photographs for passports and documents. Namuna College of Fashion Technology, the only college in the country to offer a degree in fashion studies, trains students how to stitch daura suruwal in their very first semester. Suruwal, on the other hand, means ‘pajama’ in Nepali, except that when together with daura it is stitched very loose above the thighs and its huge waistband is pulled tight and bunched at the top. That hardship, among other reasons, forced people in my town, as in most others, to embrace modern pants and shirt and relinquish the daura suruwal. A coat and the Bhadgaule topi or the Dhaka topi is essential to complete the Nepali look. Unlike Bhadgaunle topi, which was produced only in Bhaktapur,  the Dhaka topi cloth was being woven, and caps made, in some of the more far flung districts of Nepal, therefore making it cheaper and more easily available. During the time when her husband worked as a construction labor inside Rana’s palaces, she said, the workers wore daura and a cloth, instead of suruwal, to cover the lower half of the body. Daura Suruwal is a traditional national costume of Nepal worn by men. Nepalese officials use it on various festive occasions and official events. The dress has several religious beliefs identifying its designs … It takes a few months to perfect a new design, then three to five days to make the pattern on the cloth required for a single topi. There were so many workers that the management had to hire special sweet-makers from India to meet the demand! One of the first things they hanker for, while searching for their identity, is the daura suruwal and Dhaka topi. The Nepali topi and daura suruwal may not be the first things those familiar with Nepal will recall when they hear about the country, but when they see the dress, they  undoubtedly think of Nepal and Nepalese before anything else. Nepal’s national dress is unique to the identity of the Nepalese, and will remain so if more and more people wear it with pride. Nepal's First Online Shopping Centre for Fashion for Men, Women, Kids & Infants offering local & international brands of Clothings, Footwear, Accessories ( Watches, Sunglasses, Ties, Bags, Headphones, Dhaka Topi, Pashmina Shawls) , Gifts, Flowers & Cakes. Palpali Dhaka Topi Basic | Handmade Nepali Traditional Hat £ 6.99 £ 4.99 29% • Made from quality Dhaka and liner fabric • High quality and durable thread used for weaving and stitching • Gift this topi to loved ones or treasure at home • Hand wash and air dry in shade • All Pictures shown are for illustration purpose only. Even for those who have been wearing it for a long time, donning the suruwal can test one’s patience. Then he told himself that he was wrong in assuming he’d never wear a Dhaka topi again. Today’s inferior caps, he says, are available at prices under 50 rupees. He would have to wear it and bear it for few seconds only, the boy thought, and never again, so the topi’s condition didn’t matter. Hamro Raja hamro desh, The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. After a few years he decided to return and start his own weaving industry in his village. These topis are not fashionable, nor are they trendy. I never wore it before, but now I know the value of our national costumes. They loved to travel and were fond of imitating others whom they considered to be of superior stature over commoners. Suddenly the topi mattered, even a dirty, shabby and frayed one. If the government wants our industry to survive, the traders say, it should impose high tax on the import of Dhaka cloth from India and, at the same time, remove the tax on the import of thread to Nepal. He would have to wear it and bear it for few seconds only, the boy thought, and never again, so the topi’s condition didn’t matter. Daura refers to the upper shirt or Kurta and Suruwal is the trouser worn. The Nepalese showed their support to the Dhaka movement by wearing the colorful Dhaka topis, in place of the older style black ones. It takes one month for an expert weaver working 12 to 16 hours a day to weave just four or five meters. The Dhaka topi was a part of the Nepalese national dress, and a symbol of Nepalese nationality. He lashed out at the governments of past and present for not only neglecting the industry, but also blamed them for literally killing it. Dhaka topi and Bhadgaunle topi also differ slightly in how they're cut. It was introduced by the then Prime Minister of Nepalof the 19th Century Jang Bahadur Rana. With the Dhaka topi gaining currency among the masses and receiving their tacit approval as a part of national dress, the black Bhadgaunle topi was eventually sidelined. He shook the topi in the air twice, patted against the palms to shake out the dust, then put it on. His dispensation towards the piece of cloth now was completely different from the slipshod manner he handled it with in the beginning. It is now seen relatively rarely. Suddenly the topi mattered, even a dirty, shabby and frayed one. Daura Suruwal is the Traditional Nepalese dress of Nepal. King Mahendra, who ruled from 1955 to 1972 made Daura Suruwal a traditional dress code of Nepal for … He writes that “Our National costumes are really good and attractive. After he arrived back in Nepal in 1849, the Junga Bahadur ordered all his kinfolk to do the same, and made them wear a jacket over daura suruwal on all formal occasions. Dhaka Topi Dhaka Topi is one of the major items the sisters buy as a present to their brothers for Tihar. But how and when the jamdani-type design found its way into Nepal is difficult to track. The staff at Himalayan Bank turn up to the office wearing daura suruwal and topi once each week. Others say that a more credible version is that the term comes from the name of the capital city of Bangladesh. Then he told himself that he was wrong in assuming he’d never wear a Dhaka topi again. Other people contribute in their own small ways to ensure that the generation that loves wearing jeans, T-shirts and baseball caps are reminded of what their parents and the generation before them felt proud to wear. Daura-Suruwal, typically termed ‘Labeda-Suruwal’ is the traditional Nepali dress. Some people belonging to the Terai Madhes community have shown more than just apprehension about wearing daura suruwal and topi, which is often equated with the culture of the hills. The other kind of Nepali topi is the Palpali Dhaka topi, more popular today. The nationalist fervor attached to the daura surwal and Dhaka topi was at its peak during Mahendra’s rule (1955-1972). And with their similar patterns, almost every topi looks the same, so they were not quite unique either. I always thought the material that the Dhaka topis are made from originally came from Dhaka. Finding weavers of Dhaka cloth is not easy. “I quite like it”, he writes. It is quite possible that in a visit to India or Bangladesh some influential Rana noticed nawabs wearing jamdani cloth; then, fancying himself in it, he placed an order, and thereby introduced Dhaka cloth to Nepal. If you are already wise to the ways of CSGN, feel free to skip to... From 1975 to 1979, Heinrich Meyer worked with the Bhaktapur Development Project, both as an architect and aiding... Join our newsletter to get exclusive articles on every issue of ECS Nepal. The only hope of reviving the traditional Nepali cap industry, some say, is by making the topi mandatory again for government officials and for the masses to wear at all formal occasions of national importance. are dearer to us than our lives, Why, then, is the Dhaka topi so popular with the Nepalese? That was when the mass movement for Democracy overturned King Mahendra’s 26 year old Panchayat system of government. There were various schemes floated in those days, by owners, to keep weavers hooked on to the job. Daura/Labeda Suruwal (called Tapala: Suruwa in Nepalbhasa) is the traditional dress of Newar men (sans the suit which is an addition of Jang Bahadur Rana); but used to be worn with a local variant of the waistcoat (istacoat), And got this from somebody in facebook- नेवार भाषामा कांचो धागोलाई कचिका भनिन्छ । म्हपुजा र भाईटिका गर्दा लगाउने कांचो धागोको एक किसिमको मालालाई जजंका भनिन्छ । त्यसै गरी कपडाको टोपी बुन्न प्रयोग गरिने एउटा विशेष प्रकारको धागोलाई धाका भनिन्छ । धाकाबाट बुनिएको टोपीलाई धाका तपुलि भनिन्छ जसलाई खसभाषामा ढाका टोपी भन्ने गरिएको छ । केहि मानिसहरु ढाका टोपीको ढाका शव्दलाई बंगलादेशको राजधानी ढाकासंग जोडेर ढाका टोपीलाई नेपालको आफ्नै होइन, आयातित हो, बंगलादेशको राजधानी ढाकाबाट ल्याइएको कपडा वा प्रविधिबाट उत्पादित कपडाबाट बनेको हो भनेर कुप्रचार गरिरहेका छन ।. Which ethnic group did it originally belong to?What is the difference between a bhadgaunle and dhaka topi? The shopkeeper tells his customers the difference between the real, handmade Dhaka topis and the others, he says. Rather, what nudges Nepalese living abroad to yearn for their identity through a traditional style of national dress is the respect that their hosts in other countries show towards our culture and its national symbols. Join Facebook to connect with Daura Suruwal Dhaka Topi and others you may know. This design is favourite Nepali Daura Suruwal for The Indian cloth is also comparatively cheaper, while the purely hand made Palpali Dhaka is more expensive. The Dhaka fabric of Palpa and Terathum is used to make the traditional Nepali cap (topi), Chaubandi Cholo or traditional Nepali blouse worn by women, and Daura Suruwal, the traditional attire worn by Nepali men. " This bright and attractive Daura Suruwal is ideal wedding dress for Groom. One topi maker said that the government is pursuing disastrous policies of levying tax on the import of raw materials while letting in the finished products, including topis from the other sides of the border, virtually free of cost. The black Bhadgaunle topi is tilted on my forehead There is too much rigor involved that it takes time and patience. It’s cotton and is very … The topi, apparently, is the last holdout for something that defines nationality and Nepalese identity. Looks like you're using new Reddit on an old browser. Discover (and save!) The Dhaka Topi is similar to the brimless cap. The geometrical Dhaka pattern is apparently quite similar to the pattern found in a highly popular jamdani cloth traditionally woven by Bangeladeshis in villages in and around Dhaka. After the photo, he took it off and placed it on the stand, folding carefully, an act that spoke of the new meaning he just acquired of the topi. He borrowed a vest and jacket from the ship’s crew and when he saw in a mirror how well it looked on him he was convinced, and wore the combination of daura suruwal, vest and jacket during his entire European visit. The materials on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, I am being asked to do so in many programs, but sadly I have haven’t got it made. Otherwise, why does a doctor returning from the UK or an engineer coming back from America insists on wearing the daura suruwal and a Dhaka topi on his wedding day? When the industry was at its prime, the wage for weaving one meter of Dhaka cloth varied from 10 to 30 rupees, depending upon the design. Lured by the growing prospects of the Nepalese Dhaka industry, people from India frequently visited Palpa on the pretense of meeting the sweet-makers. For the young generations, it is reserved for special occasions such as wedding ceremonies where the groom wears daura suruwal (tunic and leggings), topi and slippers made from dhaka fabric. That was a measly wage. There was a part of national dress wore it before, but now I the! 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