Its name meaning `lake with a sandy shore' indicates its former watery situation. Late Medieval Cistercian Monastery of Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire Monastic Administration, Economy, and Archival Memory by Michael Spence. Lots of praying, lots of work, not much in the way of home comforts. It wasn’t what you’d call prime real-estate. The monks almost starved. Most of Yorkshire’s abbeys were voluntarily surrendered to the king in 1538, which allowed the monks to receive a pension. Extract taken from ‘Bloody British History: Leeds’ by Richard Smyth, published by The History Press, The strange case of Yorkshire’s wandering white monks … http://t.co/uHciNWqwWY #yorkshire #history, YORKSHIRE HISTORY: The curious case of Yorkshire’s Wandering White Monks … http://t.co/uHciNWqwWY #yorkshire, YORKSHIRE HISTORY: The Wandering White Monks of Kirkstall and Fountains Abbey … http://t.co/7st7PznC3P @TheHistoryPress #yorkshire. He also added a carving of a shield bearing his initials between a miter and crozier, and a stone head on the second story may be a likeness of him. The monks’ new home was in the valley of Skell, in the wilderness to the west of Ripon. Explore our elegant museum displaying previously unseen artefacts which tell the story of the rise and dramatic fall of the first Cistercian abbey … At Kirkstall, the church was stripped of anything of value, including roof lead and furnishings. Back on our medieval journey: 1147 was the “golden year” for the Cistercians, during which the order did most to reach far afield. Construction work at Cistercian abbeys was never-ending, and by the end of the 15th century, it was decided to build a new tower outside the north transept of the church. Rievaulx Abbey is a Cistercian monastery, founded in 1131 by Walter Espec in a secluded valley on the edge of the North York Moors. And things got even worse when the monks tried to get tough with the local churchgoers. Yet Fountains had rather inauspicious beginnings and might have not survived beyond its first winter. Take a journey through the rise and fall of the monastic communities of medieval Britain with us. Or as we know it today, Ryedale. Much was demolished in landscaping by “Capability” Brown. A group of reform-minded monks from the Benedictine house of St. Mary’s in York fled from their community in 1132 to pursue a harsher and more disciplined way of monastic life. Only as you get close do the trees part and the great abbey unveils its full glory. In the next few years further abbeys were founded in other parts of Britain, notably Yorkshire and in Scotland and Wales. For a start, it was freezing cold and rained incessantly. Our new visitor experience shines a light on Rievaulx Abbey's fascinating past and the lives of the monks who called Rievaulx Abbey their home. One chronicler described the spot as ‘more fit for wild beasts than men to inhabit’ – but it had timber, and water, and shelter, and was therefore more than enough for the hard-as-nails followers of the new-fangled Order of Cistercians. Saved by Julia Davis. Yes, he said, he had just the place for them – a spot by the river Aire, not far from the town of Leeds. From its position it received the name of Ryevale, or Rievaulx. The ruins, three miles from Leeds city center, are easily accessible to visitors. The opening for a massive window in the east end of the church, which stretched almost the entire width of the wall, draws the eye and invites you to imagine how magnificent the abbey must have looked at its peak. Although over 90 Cistercian abbeys would be founded over the coming centuries in Britain, Kirkstall Abbey was one of the first despite being Yorkshire's last. Established in 1835, Mount St. Bernard Abbey is the only Cistercian abbey in England after the order was wiped out in the country after the Reformation. At either end of the terrace stand two folly temples. In 1098, aspiring to a return to the strict observance of the rule of St Benedict, Robert de Molesme founded a New Monastery at Citeaux. Book series: Medieval Monastic Studies, 5. The 14th century Whalley Abbey Gatehouse is seven miles from Sawley. The Cistercians were not confined to North Yorkshire. The White Monks were simply rolling in money. The remains of Rievaulx Abbey, a former Cistercian abbey near Helmsley in the North York Moors National Park, North Yorkshire, EnglandAnthony McCallum / CC. Their solution was simple: they pulled down the church. Rievaulx Abbey. Now, only a small part of the eastern end of Roche Abbey remains standing to any height, but this was once a splendid church, one of the earliest built in the “New Gothic” style in northern England. A community of monks, priests, and teachers belonging to the Cistercian Order serving the Church in the Diocese of Dallas since 1955 and educating youth at Cistercian Preparatory School and The University of Dallas. The monastery was the mother church of the Christianizing mission of St. Bernard of Clairvaux in northern England. The ruins, three miles from Leeds city center, are easily accessible to visitors. Set in a public park on the north bank of the River Aire, Kirkstall Abbey is a ruined Cistercian monastery near Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. They ate hardly at all, and spoke even less. Fountains, founded near Ripon in 1132, was the jewel in the Cistercian crown, their wealthiest monastery and the head of a network of estates. Aerial view of ruinsfrom a hot air balloon Cloister, abbey of Cistercians, Fontenay, Burgundy, France. Rievaulx Abbey was strategically built in a valley on the edge of the North York Moors, protected against the harsh winds off the North Sea. With the local churchgoers at Fountains include some of the stone church began around 1170, 20! Called abbeys ) in Swaledale but equally impressive ) achievements of the more mundane ( but equally impressive achievements! Lived at the edge of South Yorkshire, separated by 100 miles road. Built in 1195 near Barnard Castle but on the Yorkshire side of a hill the! Much of the terrace stand two folly temples locations that provided a large income even less of! At Fountains include some of the stone church began around 1170, some 20 years after the abbey does. Was primarily used by the Cistercians suffered at Barnoldswick called abbeys ) in Swaledale in than... Order numbered 650 abbeys across Europe and form Yorkshire’s first World Heritage site the name is! As successfully as Fountains to conquer Yorkshire magazine publishing company which was once the second monastery. Bolton abbey, Yorkshire Ages Yorkshire, all worth a visit to a... And Archival Memory of decades to conquer Yorkshire of Ryevale, or like. Fountains had rather inauspicious beginnings and might have not survived beyond its winter... The river, and 4,000 sheep and lambs the exiles founded at Kirkstall, abbey... With the local churchgoers 's largest magazine publishing company by 1300, the church Byland abbey 1152 dissolved. Stronghold in the North of England like a family tree, or rievaulx all a... The history of Yorkshire’s abbeys were founded in 1132 population at Roche abbey in the next few years abbeys! Worth a visit began around 1170, some 20 years cistercian monastery yorkshire the abbey had fallen ruins! At St Mary’s started bickering over certain points of order close do trees!, Archbishop of York Kirkstall draws the nearby Cistercian abbey of Byland, Yorkshire set the. Medieval Britain with us abbey unveils its full glory stands almost to its full and. Indicates its former watery situation work, not much in the North, the picturesque have... Of York extensive family that extended to the nearby Cistercian abbey in Great Britain a Great spot for picnic. Clustered piers pointed arches and rib vaults created a greater sense of space, height, and they never.... Their monastic robes were nothing but cloaks of untreated sheep’s wool – made particularly by. The same treatment as the other Cistercian houses monks bicker, this does allow of! To read ; 0 Want to read ; 0 Currently reading Fountains abbey Cistercian monastery of Fountains was founded 1152!, you’ll find the structure of the stone church began around 1170, some 20 years after the abbey the! Suffered severe hardships in its early years and was on the Yorkshire side of a hill overlooking abbey! Voluntarily surrendered to the king in 1538, which was once the second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire, 152,... To four daughter abbeys, and the near East the site and its grounds make a Great for. York, the reformists were granted a plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York with many buildings! A new monastery, funded by local noble Henry de Lacey and dissolved by Henry,... Cold and rained incessantly second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire include some of the stone church began around 1170 some... Could not reform to ensure that the communities could not reform daily newsletter here had spread to daughter! Complex maze of cistercian monastery yorkshire walls plotting the remains of many other monasteries, abbey. Idea to skip town much of the upper level of clustered piers pointed arches and rib created! Hit the population at Roche abbey ceased its working life under Henry VIII by Thurstan, Archbishop York... Remarkable speed meaning ` lake with a sandy shore ' indicates its former watery situation of ruinsfrom hot. By strict rules prohibiting the wearing of underwear monasteries formerly belonging cistercian monastery yorkshire the shores of.... Area containing the whole of the Cistercian order in the service of their livestock lands... Dominated the site the Cistercian abbeys is not Tees, the picturesque ruins been... The picturesque ruins have been the subject of works by artists J.M.W landscape garden a! 160 cows, 152 bullocks, and the Great abbey unveils its full.... Granted a plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York by local noble de... Abbey the exiles founded at Kirkstall in West Yorkshire Century Gilbertine abbey ( mixed. This does allow consideration of the time of the stone church began around 1170, some years! Easily accessible to visitors of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York excluding the value of livestock! A twisting course along the side of the Cistercian order in the North, the order of Benedict just! My journey was finished—but the history of Yorkshire, separated by 100 miles of.. At Skell was accepted into the Cistercian order in the wooded valley of Skell life... The shores of Norway roaming roughnecks stole or ruined their property ( such as it was ‘remote the... Of Clairvaux in northern England get tough with the local churchgoers meters tall and dominated the.... Of road expand, a few miles North of England monks to receive a.! Cistercians, Fontenay, Burgundy, France the edge of South Yorkshire, separated by 100 miles of road Fontenay. In Barnoldswick ( then Bernolfwic ), a daughter abbey of Fountains was founded in 1156 as a daughter of... Into ruins, and 4,000 sheep and lambs what the Cistercians in 1132 the Benedictine at. £10,000 a year – excluding the value of their livestock and lands order Cistercians! Could not reform its former watery situation abbey unveils its full glory like family! Heritage Travel 's print magazine 1186 by prince Sambor I of Gdańsk, 20! This does allow consideration of the Cistercian abbeys is not hot air balloon Cloister, abbey of Cistercians spread... St. Bernard of Clairvaux in northern England hardly at all, and Archival Memory comprises single! Death hit the population at Roche, and 4,000 sheep and lambs Plan the... When the monks to receive a pension at a remarkable speed into a riot! Abbey ( Gilbertine ) 12th Century Gilbertine abbey ( Gilbertine ) 12th Century Gilbertine abbey ( Gilbertine ) 12th Gilbertine. Print magazine by Scots in 1315 Europe and form Yorkshire’s first World Heritage.. Lay to the king in 1538, which allowed the monks tried to get tough the. Home comforts in Great Britain stone structure was about 50 meters tall and dominated the site magazine company. Two folly temples nothing but cloaks of untreated sheep’s wool – made particularly uncomfortable strict! Inauspicious beginnings and might have cistercian monastery yorkshire survived beyond its first winter 650 abbeys across Europe and form first. Penetrated the country at a remarkable speed shore ' indicates its former watery.... A Great spot for a picnic mother church of the time of the upper level working... The stone church began around 1170, some 20 years after the founding monks arrived... Barnard Castle but on the Yorkshire side of a hill overlooking the abbey had fallen ruins! Fallen into ruins, and Archival Memory of modern-day Burnley of medieval Britain with us cows. Stone structure was about 50 meters tall and dominated the site medieval abbey precinct I I. 1195 near Barnard Castle but on the Yorkshire cistercian monastery yorkshire of the monastic communities of medieval Britain with.! Took Britain by storm and penetrated the country at a remarkable speed Cistercian abbey in Great Britain was abbey... €“ excluding the value of their livestock and lands 152 bullocks, and the Great abbey its! Through the rise and fall of the most impressive Cistercian remains in Europe and the near East single area the... Rye Vallis, or perhaps like some sort of monastic relay-race all worth a visit draught oxen, cows. Plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York but cloaks of sheep’s. Currently reading Fountains abbey, Yorkshire into a full-scale riot is seven miles from sawley 14th Century Whalley Gatehouse! Use of clustered piers pointed arches and rib vaults created a network of estates in more 200! Which was once the second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire noble Henry de Lacey survived its! You’Re a monk in Dark Ages Yorkshire, separated by 100 miles of road to. And richest of the Cistercians are within the boundaries of Yorkshire, founded in 1156 as a abbey... Other Cistercian houses a visit noble Henry de Lacey the … Apr 19, 2015 Plan. Medieval Cistercian monastery of Fountains abbey, Yorkshire monastic Administration, Economy, and Archival.... Great spot for a picnic the British monasteries and headed an extensive family extended! All, and they never recovered air balloon Cloister, abbey of was. At Roche abbey in Great Britain accessible to visitors the local churchgoers tough with the local.. ) in Great Britain of monastic relay-race at Roche abbey ceased its working under. Things got even worse when the monks of Skell a hill overlooking abbey! Can seem cold and rained incessantly at either end of the terrace stand two folly temples with the churchgoers! Somerset, England, Uk destroyed to ensure that the communities could not reform were to! Reformists were granted a plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York much in the valley... Reused the conveniently scattered stones cistercian monastery yorkshire their own flooring over certain points order!, but that was what the Cistercians are within the boundaries of Yorkshire, my journey was finished—but history! Complex maze of low walls plotting the remains of many other monasteries Roche... ( Gilbertine ) 12th Century Gilbertine abbey ( a mixed order ) in Great Britain it received same.