In terms of overall destruction caused it is certainly the most destructive earthquake to have hit the United Kingdom in at least the last 400 years, since the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580. United Kingdom. At Beauvais, the bells rang as though sounding the tocsin. Rescuers pull young girl from Izmir rubble, four days since earthquake . It had an estimated magnitude of 6.0 Ms and a maximum felt intensity of VII-VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale. [See many other publications by Musson, not given here. The most damaging UK earthquake was in the Colchester area in 1884. Earthquakes around the British Isles in the last 50 days. FOLKESTONE (Reuters) - Kent was hit by a small earthquake … Geology shop: UK Earthquakes. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. Published by Henry Denham on 27 June 1580, Fleming's pamphlet was titled: A Bright Burning Beacon, forewarning all wise Virgins to trim their lampes against the coming of the Bridegroome. A magnitude 4 earthquake happens in Britain roughly every two years. [11] There was damage far inland, in Cambridgeshire, where stones fell from Ely Cathedral. Dover Straits ~4.1: This earthquake was similar to the event of 9 January 1950. Today marks a decade since Folkestone shook during an earthquake that startled people awake. A 4.1 magnitude earthquake struck outside Dover, Delaware on Thursday evening. 198 years earlier there was a very similar event, the magnitude 5.8–6.0 1382 Dover Straits earthquake, with an estimated epicentre not far from that estimated for the 1580 event. This earthquake also affected in general: Chichester district, East Hampshire, Havant district, Arun district and the city of Portsmouth. Navy & 900 extra border staff to protect Dover in No Deal Brexit She added: "Now we are living in [it]. Burton. Head of seismology at BGS Dr Brian Baptie told the BBC that the UK only gets around one earthquake each year of such a size, but rarely in the Bedfordshire area. 1 photo(s) UK 2 July 2013 +1 21:23 Dan Earthquake; 143. Very minor damage was done either side of the Dover Straits. "It being reported to the King that the Master of Gray his house did shake and rock in the night as with an earthquake, and the King (then 14 years old) interrogated, "The 'London' earthquake of 1580 April 6", in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom, "London warned: you're overdue for an earthquake", Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives, European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1580_Dover_Straits_earthquake&oldid=982335998, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) (estimate), 2 killed in England, "many" in France and "several" in Flanders, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 14:39. It was 8.18am on Saturday, April 28, 2007 when an earthquake struck Kent. The British Geological Survey said the tremor, which occurred at 0818 BST, was the largest British earthquake since one in Dudley, West Midlands, in 2002. LT COL SYDNEY CARR, DEAL. James Yates, "Verses written for a requisite remembrance of the earth quake which happened on Wednesday the 6. of April. [4] Peasants in the fields reported a low rumble and saw the ground roll in waves. Even though the Dover Strait is some distance from the capital, the city's clay soils have a tendency to amplify any shaking. With an epicentre said to be less than 1km off the coast of Folkestone, according to The British Geological Survey, it measured at 4.3 on the Richter scale. Folkestone was the worst affected area, although it was also felt prominently in Dover, Deal, Canterbury and Ashford. The British Geological Survey gave the earthquake a reading of 4.3 on the Richter scale, while the USGS and the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre estimated that the earthquake had a body wave magnitude of 4.6 and 4.7 respectively. The manor house and church at Hollingbourne, Kent were also badly damaged. Source for much detail in this article. [.. continues. ] UK. The seagulls went crazy and in parts of Dover the electricity is off. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare,[2] the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. This earthquake also affected in general: Chichester district, East Hampshire, Havant district, Arun district and the city of Portsmouth. Just before the earth shook there was a deep rumbling noise and the whole of our street shook in an east-west motion. He said: “Leighton Buzzard is not an area that has been known for earthquakes in the past. Earthquakes of magnitude 4.2 ML occur in mainland UK roughly every 5 … According to Churchyard, the quake could be felt across the city and well into the suburbs, as "a wonderful motion and trembling of the earth" shook London and "Churches, Pallaces, houses, and other buildings did so quiver and shake, that such as were then present in the same were toosed too and fro as they stoode, and others, as they sate on seates, driven off their places. CBS2's Lonnie Quinn explains the science behind it. Wikipedia: 1580, Dover Straits Earthquake, Go to: Dover Straits Earthquake, 6th April 1850. UK 27 September 2009 21:20 Anna Wardley; 144. However, while the UK is nowhere near in the same league as high seismicity areas such as California and Japan, it nevertheless has a moderate rate of seismicity, sufficiently high to pose a potential hazard to sensitive installations such as dams and chemical plants. [4] The Channel Tunnel was therefore designed to withstand those tremors. Newly translated and collected by Abraham Fleming. [5], In England, the most severe damage was recorded in Canterbury, particularly to St Augustine's Abbey and Christ Church, Canterbury, where the bell-tower was destroyed. Americas. This showed that only two major earthquakes (by UK standards) are recorded to have affected the Dover Strait. The earthquake, which lasted a few seconds, was felt as far afield as Essex, East Sussex and Suffolk. • Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives Friday, 26 April 2002, and following messages, which, taken together, compile references used to write this article. The epicentre was undoubtedly between Dover and Calais, and the earthquake was felt over most of England, certainly as far as York and possibly as far as Edinburgh in Scotland (the dating of the Edinburgh report is uncertain). UK 2000 21:19 Jackie MacDonald; 148. The causes of earthquakes in the UK are unclear, but may include "regional compression caused by motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates, and uplift resulting from the melting of the ice sheets that covered many parts of Britain thousands of years ago." Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. [4] The London-Brabant Massif has been the proposed location for several historical earthquakes, including the event in 1382. [5][1], There were significant aftershocks on 23 May and on 24 May, the latter being the strongest recorded. British Geological Survey (BGS) seismologist Roger Musson said the … Musson in 2008 gave a magnitude of 5.8 ML,[5] while Camelbeek et al. It caused considerable damage in Colchester and the surrounding villages in Essex. The tsunami took almost four hours to reach the UK. [13] None in this study occurred before 1727, but the same team devoted an article to the 1580 earthquake that year,[14] the classic study. The Dover Straits has a history of earthquakes, with tremors about every 200 years. In Flanders, chimneys fell and cracks opened in the walls of Ghent and Oudenarde, killing several people. Historical earthquakes studies on the earthquake with maps and macroseismic intensities. Research suggests that the largest possible earthquake in the UK is around 6.5. Get the latest BBC News: breaking news, features, analysis and debate plus audio and video content from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Decoded Science, 2014, by Jennifer Young. A 4.1 magnitude earthquake with an epicenter near Dover, Delaware, has rocked parts of Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Virginia. The Kent incident is the largest recorded in Britain since an earthquake in Dudley in 2002. The 24 May aftershock was also described as a "waterquake" affecting anchored ships. Indeed, many Puritans blamed the emerging theatre scene of the time in London, which was seen as the work of the Devil, as a cause of the quake. The strongest earthquake officially recorded in the UK was in June 1931 in Dogger Bank in the North Sea with a magnitude of 6.1 on the Richter scale. The waves were caused by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. On Wednesday night we were visited by a severe shock of an earthquake. A magnitude 4 earthquake happens in Britain roughly every two years. TV; More. May 25th. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. In Scotland, a local report of the quake disturbed the adolescent James VI, who was informed that it was the work of the Devil.[12]. The epicentre was off the coast of Kent, and the effects were felt as far inland as London. Significant earthquakes also struck the Dover Straits in 1776 and 1580; the latter had an magnitude of 5.7 ML and caused damage as far as London where two people were killed by falling masonry. Another witness said: … The White Cliffs of Dover are the closes point in England to France, and the Dover Strait is the site of what was once a land bridge connecting to the European mainland. Coordinates: 50°54′N 2°00′E  /  50.9°N 2°E  / Daniel suffered an “earthquake” of skull fractures and was given just a 30% of surviving his catastrophic head injuries. The barycentre of the isoseismals with intensities IV to VII lies in the Boulonnais, 10 km east of Desvres, the barycentre of the VII isoseismal lies about 1 km northeast of Ardres, and the barycentre of the only pleistoseismal zone lies in the English Channel.[4]. Saturday, 28 April 2007 Hey! [12] The strongest recorded British earthquake was the 1931 Dogger Bank earthquake which measured 6.1 on the Richter scale. The British Geological Survey (BGS) said it was investigating reports of an earthquake in Bedfordshire, southern England. It was the largest British earthquake since the 2002 Dudley earthquake and the strongest in the Dover Straits since a magnitude 4.4 earthquake in 1950. However, while the UK is nowhere near in the same league as high seismicity areas such as California and Japan, it nevertheless has a moderate rate of seismicity, sufficiently high to pose a potential hazard to sensitive installations such as nuclear power stations, dams and chemical plants. dover earthquake uk. Just before the earth shook there was a deep rumbling noise and the whole of our street shook in an east-west motion. It caused considerable damage in Colchester and the surrounding villages in Essex. Earthquake in Kent region of UK could involve Channel Tunnel There has been a significant earthquake in South-East England. AN EARTHQUAKE has rattled Dover in Delaware on east coast of the USA with people in Philadelphia, Washington and New York reporting shaking. [5] Being relatively deep, the quake was felt over a large area and it is not certain where the epicentre was located. dover earthquake uk. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1. May 25th. "Every two or three years we get one of this size. The Channel Tunnel study proposed three possible locations, two south of Calais and one offshore. … Dr Roger Musson of the British Geological Survey in Edinburgh said that a sub-sea fault under the Straits of Dover that has caused two large earthquakes in the … You can find out here with our history of earthquakes in the UK. 2 Way USA 27 July 2001 21:19 Marcella MacDonald; 146. [3] In London there was damage to St Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey with an estimated intensity of VI–VII. Lisbon earthquake (1755) The coast of Cornwall was hit by a 3 m (10 ft) high tsunami on 1 November 1755, at around 14:00. ", The English public was so eager to read about the quake that a few months later, Abraham Fleming was able to publish a collection of reports of the Easter Earthquake, including those written by Thomas Churchyard, Richard Tarlton (described as the writing clown of Shakespeare's day), Francis Schackleton, Arthur Golding, Thomas Twine, John Philippes, Robert Gittins, and John Grafton, as well as Fleming's own account. Even though the Dover Strait is some distance from the capital, the city's clay soils have a tendency to amplify any shaking. There were aftershocks. In London, half a dozen chimney stacks and a pinnacle on Westminster Abbey came down; two children were killed by stones falling from the roof of Christ's Church Hospital. It had an estimated magnitude of 6.0 Ms and a maximum felt intensity of VII-VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale. The causes of earthquakes in the UK are unclear, but may include "regional compression caused by motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates, and uplift resulting from the melting of the ice sheets that covered many parts of Britain thousands of years ago." Tower blocks trembled, chimneys and masonry were damaged, and one man had his pelvis broken after being pinned to the floor of his attic bedroom by a falling stone. [6], Magnitude 6 earthquake (21 May 1382) affecting south-eastern England and the Low Countries, "Geometry and kinematics of the Boulonnais fold and thrust belt (N France): implications for the dynamics of the Northern Variscan thrust front", "The seismicity of the British Isles to 1600", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1382_Dover_Straits_earthquake&oldid=961210041, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 June 2020, at 06:19. Many deaths were reported from Saint-Amand-les-Eaux.[4]. The most damaging UK earthquake was in the Colchester area in 1884. The coastal town of Filey in Yorkshire was worst hit and a spire of a churc… [.. continues. ] "This is by no means a complete surprise," he said. . Some 1200 buildings needed repairs, chimneys collapsed and walls were cracked. The earthquake is well recorded in contemporary documents,[6] including the "earthquake letter" from Gabriel Harvey to Edmund Spenser mocking popular and academic methods of accounting for the tremors. [8][9] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. [5], In the Low Countries damage was reported from Ypres, Bruges, Liege and Ghent.[3]. LT COL SYDNEY CARR, DEAL. It was felt at Havant. The shock was … The Colchester earthquake, also known as the Great English earthquake, occurred on the morning of 22 April 1884 at 09:18. KAROL STEELE, DOVER. Decoded Science, 2014, by Jennifer Young. 2 Way Relay International 20 July 2003 21:20 Michigan Masochists (2) 146. One was recorded in 1382 and a quake in 1580 killed two people in London. And a praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath and indignation. Earthquakes in the UK are actually more common than you might think. An earthquake of at least 4.3 magnitude hits parts of Kent, on Saturday 28th April damaging homes and leaving thousands without power. The biggest earthquake to hit the British Isles for 25 years was centred on Market Rasen in Lincolnshire but was felt across the UK, with the most distant reports coming from Aberdeen. Last updated: Fri, 11 Dec 2020 20:40:00 (UTC) This list contains information about background, tectonic earthquake activity in and around the British Isles. 1580. between 5. and 6. of the clocke at night of the same day". It fell during Easter week, an omen-filled connection that was not lost on the servant-poet James Yates, who wrote ten stanzas on the topic: Yates' poem was printed in 1582 in The Castell of Courtesy. The BBC reports that "Hundreds of houses in Folkestone have been damaged by the earthquake which struck parts of Kent". These events occurred such a long time ago, however (1382 and 1580), that their interpretation is difficult. European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake. Wikipedia: 1580, Dover Straits Earthquake, Go to: Dover Straits Earthquake, 6th April 1850. The Kent incident is the largest recorded in Britain since an earthquake in Dudley in 2002. How do you say 1580 Dover Straits earthquake? We experience a magnitude 5 roughly every 10–20 years. KAROL STEELE, DOVER. In his 2007 biography of Richard Hakluyt, historian Peter C. Mancall provides extensive extracts from Churchyard's 8 April 1580 pamphlet, A Warning to the Wyse, a Feare to the Fond, a Bridle to the Lewde, and a Glasse to the Good; written of the late Earthquake chanced in London and other places, the 6th of April, 1580, for the Glory of God and benefit of men, that warely can walk, and wisely judge. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 or higher occur about every eight years, the, (pp. 14 September 1777: Manchester, England ~4.4: Felt widely in Manchester, Macclesfield, Preston, Wigan, Stockport and the surrounding area.Slight damage and considerable alarm to church congregations was caused in Manchester and vicinity. “There have been a few historically nearby. There are various separate tunnel systems, including those associated with the Napoleonic outer bastions (East Demi Bastion, Horseshoe Bastion, East Arrow Bastion and Hudson's Bastion) and those at the North-West Spur. It was the largest British earthquake since the 2002 Dudley earthquake [7] and the strongest in the Dover Straits since a magnitude 4.4 earthquake in 1950. The earthquake, which lasted a few seconds, was felt as far afield as Essex, East Sussex and Suffolk. 142. Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. Documentation for this event is quite good, both in England and in the Low Countries, allowing an epicentre in the Dover Straits to be fixed with reasonably certainty. During the deliberations the monastery was shaken by the earthquake, but Courtenay turned it to his advantage saying: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "This earthquake portends the purging of the kingdom from heresies. 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