Legal Terminology, Part 1. ALM's Law.com online Real Life Dictionary of the Law. The experts worked from a list of commonly used legal terms and created what they hoped to be standardized translations of these terms. testimony - Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries. Legislation: 1. Form. just create an account. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences, The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court, The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization, Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction, Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Federal, State and Concurrent, Jurisdiction over Property: Definition & Types. A search warrant orders that a specific location be searched for items, which if found, can be used in court as evidence. court - Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. Motions can be filed before, during, and after trial. The lower court is often required to do something differently, but that does not always mean the court’s final decision will change. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | inculpatory evidence - Evidence which tends to show the defendant’s guilt. What is the Difference Between a Misdemeanor & a Felony? remand - When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings. A legal terminology textbook is a textbook that arranges and defines legal words and phrases in groups and by topic, in contrast with a law dictionary; A number of Latin terms are used in legal terminology and legal maxims. For example, a trial court may use a prior decision from the Supreme Court that has similar issues. statute of limitations - A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights. In the federal system, it applies to crimes such as first degree murder, genocide, and treason. Plain English Wills from Future Legal Services. … Courts are often bound by the decisions of appellate courts with authority to review their decisions. Log in here for access. - Definition & Examples, Retributive Justice vs. Restorative Justice, What is Punitive Justice? Lawyers must file a variety of documents throughout the life of a case. Guilty - Admitting to committing the crime. The prosecution must prove the guilt so that there is no reasonable doubt to the jury that the defendant is guilty. The chief judge also decides cases, and the choice of chief judges is determined by seniority. plea - In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges in open court. Many people consider legalese a separate language of its own, requiring specific training just to understand. preliminary hearing - A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to require the defendant to go to trial. injunction - An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury. magistrate judges - Judicial officers who assist U.S. district court judges in getting cases ready for trial. Quid Pro Quo - This means that if you give something you will receive something in return. Legal terminology is full of Latin terms which are used regularly. Counterclaims can often be brought within the same proceedings as the plaintiff’s claims. Acknowledgement admitting that someone has a claim or admitting that a debt exists. direct evidence - Evidence that supports a fact without an inference. indictment - The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies. Acquit - Being found not guilty by a jury or judge, or the determination that there was not enough evidence to convict beyond a reasonable doubt. Docket - An outline and documentation of what happens during a court case and all of its proceedings. damages - Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries. Here at Future Legal Services, we are on a Plain English mission. Different terms may have different meanings based on the specific area of law or the context in which they are being used. So we don’t. interrogatories - Written questions asked to one party by an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath. imaginable degree, area of As a legal term, however, the word allege is used to describe the action of formally stating a specific charge in a court of law or legal document. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident. Elisha has Master's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology, as well as a Bachelor's in Marketing. There are several terms that are good to know regarding processes and practices in court. “Reasonable person” is one we all have trouble with, but especially non-lawyers, as it has specific legal meaning, that is it is more limited than as used in general language. Master 's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology, as well as a 's. Which can still be confusing once you know the English translation state court juries be... 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