Compared to look-alike species, Tradescantia virginiana has narrower blades, smoother sepals and no glaucous leaf and stem surfaces. Tradescantia virginiana. Arching, iris-like, dark green leaves up to 1' long and 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3810 plants and 23,676 images. Cultivars in this group are sometimes given the hybrid name designation Tradescantia x andersoniana . Foliage sprawls in an unattractive manner by mid-summer. In Missouri it is typically found in moist woodland valleys, ravines and slopes in … non L. Tradescantia virginiana hort. In 1637 his son brought a Spiderwot plant back to England from North America where it became a favorite.Virginiana indicates that it is from Virginia. The Plants Database includes the following 33 species of Tradescantia . Most photographs may be used for educational purposes only. Key Characteristics. Tradescantia is considered a Category I exotic invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Brickell C 2016. The spiderwort is one of an estimated 71-species in the family. Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia Spiderwort. Its alternate name is tradescantia albiflora, although that name has fallen out of use. Tradescantia is a creeping, succulent, multi-branching perennial herb that can form a dense ground cover and root freely at nodes. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS OF CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED, Native Plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, U.S. Tradescantia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Flowers bloom in succession from late May into early July. This American hybrid selection has beautiful narrow foliage in a unique steel-blue shade, forming a compact mound that is studded with a summer-long display of … Good in pots or hanging containers. One of the easiest ways for us to reduce our pollution contribution to the Chesapeake Bay is to replace some of our lawn and typical landscapes with native plants. Interestingly, some Noted for its luminous chartreuse foliage, Tradescantia 'Sweet Kate' (Spider Lily) is a compact clump-forming perennial with narrowly lance-shaped bright golden-yellow leaves. Close-up of flowers on Sweet Kate. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Tradescantia virginiana L. – Virginia spiderwort Subordinate Taxa. Sun or shade; regular to ample water. Further reading. Wetland Status. Luckily each plant produces many of them, in leisurely succession. Annapolis, Maryland 21403, 177 Admiral Cochrane Drive Description. Regions: Coastal Plain, Mountain, Piedmont, Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade, Habitat: wooded slopes, shale outcrops, moist fields, roadsides. Tradescantia / ˌ t r æ d ɪ ˈ s k æ n t i ə / is a genus of 75 species of herbaceous perennial wildflowers in the family Commelinaceae, native to the New World from southern Canada to northern Argentina, including the West Indies.Members of the genus are known by the common names spiderwort or Indian paint. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. In some regions, the sale of these species is banned. across (5 cm), adorned with showy yellow stamens. Key Characteristics. Virginia Spiderwort is a herbaceous clump-forming perennial in the dayflower family that is native to the eastern and central USA and is found in the Piedmont of NC. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals. T. spathacea (Rhoeo spathacea) has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage. This perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort (Tradescantia spp. It is easy to grow. Divide clumps when crowded. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Tradescantia species that are now regarded as invasive weeds, include Tradescantia zebrina (inch plant), Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily), Tradescantia pallida (purple queen) and Tradescantia fluminensis (small-leaved spiderwort). Medium-sized forb (40 cm) of dry open forests; leaves lanceolate with swollen clasping bases; flowers purple, clustered at the top of the stem, borne singly on hairy, dropping stalks; sepals green with dense non-glandular hairs. (cult.) The common spiderwort plant is part of the Tradescantia genus. It can be used in pots or as ground cover, and it thrives in full sun with moderate water. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. 501 Sixth Street It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Tradescantia virginiana belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, a spring-blooming flower with long, strappy leaves, is a very hardy North American native perennial that is widely grown for its weeks-long bloom period. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Spiderwort is a tall, graceful, beautiful flower with purple petals that open in the sunshine and close as evening descends. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. Bloom color varies from purple-blues to rose red to, rarely, white. Named garden selections offer flowers in white, blue shades, lavender, purple, shades of pink from pale to near-red; these plants are often sold as Tradescantia x andersoniana or as members of the Andersonia Group. Tradescantia virginiana, or Virginia spiderwort, was the first Tradescantia species described. John Jr. … Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. small-leaf spiderwort Small-leaf spiderwort ( Tradescantia fluminensis ). Bloom Description: Blue to violet-blue, rarely rose or white, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. Leaves are 2—5 per… It can be invasive, but I don't mind! The name Tradescantia commemorates one of the most famous father and son teams in botany John Tradescant, Sr. (died 1638), who travelled to north Russia in 1618 and Algiers in 1620, and John Tradescant, Jr. (1608-1662), who travelled in Virginia in 1654. However some photographs are copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be required. Stems may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and usually grow unbranched, reaching heights up to 40 cm tall. No serious insect or disease problems. Stems are smooth or bear scattered short hairs. Flowers bloom all summer. Native plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, and climate. By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Tradescantia ernestiana, sometimes commonly called woodland spiderwort, is a clump-forming perennial that is native to Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Spiderwort has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one day. Prev Next Pause Resume. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Description. You can find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of your favorite non-native plants to create attractive and more natural landscapes right in your own yard. As the petals fade, they become almost translucent, giving them t… The anther tapetum inTradescantia virginiana L. is of the invasive plasmodial type: the cells lose their walls during early spore meiosis and develop long invasion processes which invade the loculus to penetrate spaces between the sporogenous cells. May self-sow and become somewhat invasive. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. T. virginiana, a Southern classic, is also known as spiderwort. Tradescantia virginiana was named in honour of a gardener to the King of England - John Tradescant. There are approximately 70 species of this perennial plant, with the Virginia variety being one of the most common. Young shoots are susceptible to snail damage. This plant has no children Legal Status. An interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, wild gardens or naturalized areas. * Dr. Koichi Goka Invasive Species Research Team, Environmental Risk Research Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan Replace “(at)” with “@”. Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia Spiderwort) is a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial with long, erect or arching, bright-green, narrow leaves. This also saves time and money. To find out if a photograph requires permission contact here. A Missouri native plant that is commonly found on open wooded slopes and moist shaded bluff ledges in the eastern part of the State.Genus name honors John Tradescant (1570-1638) and his son John Tradescant (1608-1662), botanists and successive gardeners to Charles I of England.Specific epithet means of Virginia.When the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous stem secretion is released which becomes threadlike and silky upon hardening (like a spider's web), hence the common name. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). T. ohiensis has glabrous flower stalks and sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves. 2. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Tradescantia virginiana (Spiderwort) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic This showy native, whose genus name honors naturalist John Tradescant, grows in scattered pockets throughout the eastern half of the United States. Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database. Wildflower of the Year 2008 Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort is an herbaceous perennial that arises from a cluster of rather stout overwintering roots. From late spring to midsummer, the foliage is topped by small clusters of three-petaled, violet-blue to purple flowers, up to 2 in. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Tradescantia is not overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering once established. The plant is not self-fertile. I found a massive wild population down under a local river bridge that covers several acres, and I've found just about every color you can imagine growing there. Also can be grown in borders, but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for this placement. Tradescantia pallida ‘Variegata' produces striped pink-and-red foliage. Flowers bloom all summer. Spiderwort is a common wild plant that is also cultivated in gardens in many countries. With dark bluish-purple being the most common, white and/or white varigated with blue is the rarest. There are dozens of plants that share a close relation to the spiderwort, including The Wandering Jew plant. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. (cult.) Annapolis, MD 21401. Also grown in the garden is the common spiderwort, or widow’s tears (T. virginiana), an upright juicy-stemmed plant with white to pink or purple flowers. Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia Native Plant Society’s 2008 Wildflower of the Year. It sometimes escapes but I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are not up yet. The plants spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. Other names for this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort. It’s also known as wandering gypsy plant, wandering trad, wandering willie, or inch plant. WHY NATIVES. Spiderwort gets its name because the fluid that seeps from cut stems dries to look like a spider web. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Used as a ground cover, but can be invasive. – A rare garden escape (most frequently a mere garden throw-out rather than an escape), found on dumps, by road verges,… First documented from wasteland in Charleroi in 1946 but surely neglected or overlooked for quite some time. 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