These unique characteristics and colorings on the Asian longhorned beetle body is what distinguish them from other species that are closely related to them. For more information, visit www.aphis.usda.gov or www.asianlonghornedbeetle.com, or call the toll free hotline: 1-866-702-9938. The tarsi may have a faint iridescent blue color. Native to China and Korea, the beetles are approximately 1.5 The Asian longhorned beetle may be mistaken for two species native to the U.S., the cottonwood borer and the whitespotted sawyer. Infestations are considered eradicated only after no new infested trees are found following four to six years of inspections. They can … More recently, Anoplophora glabripennis appeared in New Jersey and Toronto, Canada. The Asian longhorned beetle is a large black beetle with white spots and unusually long antennae. Accidental introductions, probably in wooden packing crates from China, led to infestations in New York and Chicago in the 1990's. That population increase and westward movement followed the large-scale planting of poplar trees that began in the 1960s and culminated as part of China’s Three-North Shelterbelt Programme, initiated in 1978. Identifying Characteristics: Large 1” – 1 ½” long body. This insect pest poses a serious risk to trees and forests. The backside of an Asian longhorned beetle (. The female chews away a small amount of bark and lays white, oval eggs singly within the tree. The Asian longhorned beetle can develop in at least 15 tree genera, its preferred hosts being species of poplar, maple, willow, and elm. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). FIGURE 1. Shiny black outer wings with around 20 white spots. The Asian Longhorned Beetle belongs to the family of wood boring beetles, Cerambycidae. Pupation happens within the tunnels the larvae create in the wood. In females the antennae are as long as the body, but they will be almost twice the body length in males. In rare instances the beetle has been found in shipments of live plants. Subsequent populations have been reported in New Jersey, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts, though the infestations in both Illinois and New Jersey have since been eradicated. Antennae have contrasting black and white bands. New adults feed on twigs or leaf veins and petioles (leaf stalks) for approximately two weeks before mating. The natural enemies include fungi and nematodes as well as insect predators and parasitoids. However, once they have matured into adults, their presence becomes known since adult beetles exit infested host trees by chewing holes in the tree and emerging. A feeding larva excretes sawdustlike waste, which is pushed out through the tunnel opening. Kingdom - AnimaliaPhylum - ArthropodaClass - InsectaOrder - ColeopteraFamily - CerambycidaeGenus - AnoplophoraSpecies - A. glabripennis. The Asian longhorned beetle [Anoplophora glabripennis Motschul­ sky (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)], a native of eastern Asia, poses a new threat to Arkansas’ forests (Figure 1). Six legs. This beetle is believed to have been spread from Asia in solid wood packaging material. What Are Their Characteristics? The pronotum has two large spines, while the elytra are shiny black and bear white or yellowish tan spots in variable patterns. Insect characteristics, 4 of 9 Insect characteristics; Color, 5 of 9 Color; Hosts, 6 of 9 Hosts; Reproduction, 7 of 9 Reproduction; Damage, 8 of 9 Damage; Similar species, 9 of 9 Similar species; Quiz, 2 of 3 Quiz. Test what you know about bugs with this quiz. Asian longhorned beetle, (Anoplophora glabripennis), also spelled Asian long-horned beetle, also called starry sky beetle, species of beetle (order Coleoptera, family Cerambycidae), originally native to eastern China and Korea, that became a serious pest of hardwood trees in North America and parts of Eurasia. What does Asian and citrus longhorn beetle damage look like? Around an infestation an eradication zone is created, in which all infested trees are removed and all uninfested host trees are treated with a systemic insecticide. They have black-and-white antennae that are as long as their bodies. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? The newly emerged adult chews its way out of the tree. Older f… Usually, identification of this pest is made by observing damage to the host trees, and then finding an adult beetle to confirm the suspected infestation. What makes this beetle so dangerous to our trees? Adult beetles measure 1-1½ inches in length. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. All other stages of the life cycle occur within the host tree, so it's not likely you will see them. Their shiny black bodies have white spots or markings, and the long antennae have alternating black and white stripes. Adult beetles are typically 1.7 to 3.9 cm in length with long antennae 1.3 (females) to 2.5 times body length (males). Larval feeding is the primary cause of tree damage, as tunneling in the cambium disrupts vascular flow. Asian and citrus longhorn beetles both harm the trees they infest at all stages of their lifecycle. Professor of Entomology, Clemson University, South Carolina. Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990's. Male Female Adult Female: Asian Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Habitat: This beetle is native to China, Japan, Korea, and the Isle of Hainan and an accidental immigrant in North America.Adults are drawn to recently felled, stressed, or apparently healthy hardwood trees. The antennae are quite striking with bands of black and gray. This beetle is in the family Cerambycidae and is originally from China and the Koreas. Starry sky beetle, Asian cerambycid beetle. In an attempt to reduce the spread of the pest, citizens in many areas are urged to report infestations or sightings of the beetle and are warned not to transport firewood or other potentially contaminated wood items. 2001).Of particular concern is the impact that A. glabripennis feeding damage may have on Acer spp. Molecular markers are useful for characteriz- ... Genetic analyses of the Asian longhorned beetle * … Egg - Eggs are laid singly within the host tree's bark, and hatch in 1-2 weeks.Larva - Newly hatched larvae tunnel into the vascular tissue of the tree. The adult emerges by chewing to the surface and exiting through a 10–15-mm- (0.4–0.6-inch-) diameter hole. Asian longhorned beetle USDA Invasive Species - (Anoplophora glabripennis) Watch List - Prohibited in Michigan The Asian longhorned beetle can attack and kill many tree species including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut, but its favorite host are maple trees. Asian longhorned beetle larvae and adults chew wood with large mandibles. The Asian longhorned beetle . Asian Longhorned Beetles August is Tree Check Month, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is urging the public (and cabin owners) to inspect trees for signs of Asian longhorned beetle (ALB). 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